Primary Mental Disorders
Caffeine-Induced Disorders may be characterized by symptoms (e.g., Panic Attacks) that resemble primary mental disorders (e.g., Panic Disorder versus Caffeine-Induced Anxiety Disorder, With Panic Attacks, With Onset During Intoxication).
To meet criteria for Caffeine Intoxication, the symptoms must not be due to a general medical condition or another mental disorder, such as Anxiety Disorder, that could better explain them. Manic Episodes, Panic Disorder, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Amphetamine Intoxication, Sedative, Hypnotic, or Anxiolytic Withdrawal or Nicotine Withdrawal, Sleep Disorders, and medication-induced side effects (e.g., akathisia) can cause a clinical picture that is similar to that of Caffeine Intoxication. The temporal relationship of the symptoms to increased caffeine use or to abstinence from caffeine helps to establish the diagnosis.
Other Caffeine-Induced Disorders
Caffeine Intoxication is differentiated from Caffeine-Induced Anxiety Disorder, With Onset During Intoxication, and from Caffeine-Induced Sleep Disorder, With Onset During Intoxication, by the fact that the symptoms in these latter disorders are in excess of those usually associated with Caffeine Intoxication and are severe enough to warrant independent clinical attention.