Primary Mental Disorders
Cocaine-Induced Disorders may be characterized by symptoms (e.g., depressed mood) that resemble primary mental disorders (e.g., Major Depressive Disorder versus Cocaine-Induced Mood Disorder, With Depressive Features, With Onset During Withdrawal). The marked mental disturbances that can result from the effects of cocaine should be distinguished from the symptoms of Schizophrenia, Paranoid Type, Bipolar and other Mood Disorders, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, and Panic Disorder.
Amphetamine Intoxication and Phencyclidine Intoxication may cause a similar clinical picture and can often only be distinguished from Cocaine Intoxication by the presence of cocaine metabolites in a urine specimen or cocaine in plasma. Cocaine Intoxication and Cocaine Withdrawal are distinguished from the other Cocaine-Induced Disorders (e.g., Cocaine-Induced Anxiety Disorder, With Onset During Intoxication) because the symptoms in these latter disorders are in excess of those usually associated with Cocaine Intoxication or Cocaine Withdrawal and are severe enough to warrant independent clinical attention.