In DSM-III, this disorder is called Withdrawal

Diagnostic Criteria

A. Development of a substance-specific syndrome that follows the cessation of or reduction in intake of a substance that was previously regularly used by the individual to induce a state of intoxication.

B. The clinical picture does not correspond to any of the specific Organic Brain Syndromes, such as Delirium, Organic Delusional Syndrome, Organic Hallucinosis, or Organic Affective Syndrome.

Differential Diagnosis

Physical disorders

Many physical disorders have symptoms that are similar to the symptoms of Withdrawal. For example, the symptoms of influenza are very similar to the symptoms of Opioid Withdrawal.


Diagnostic Criteria

A. The development of a substance-specific syndrome due to the cessation of (or reduction in) substance use that has been heavy and prolonged.

B. The substance-specific syndrome causes clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning.

C. The symptoms are not due to a general medical condition and are not better accounted for by another mental disorder.


See Substance-Related Disorders

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