DSM-IV

Disorders

Nicotine Use Disorder

  1. Nicotine Dependence

Nicotine-Induced Disorder

  1. Nicotine Withdrawal

Nicotine-Related Disorder NOS

Differential Diagnosis

The symptoms of Nicotine Withdrawal overlap with those of other substance withdrawal syndromes; Caffeine Intoxication; Anxiety, Mood, and Sleep Disorders; and medication-induced akathisia. Admission to smoke-free inpatient units can induce withdrawal symptoms that might mimic, intensify, or disguise other diagnoses. Reduction of symptoms associated with the resumption of smoking or nicotine-replacement therapy confirms the diagnosis.

Because regular nicotine use does not appear to impair mental functioning, Nicotine dependence is not readily confused with other Substance-Related Disorders and mental disorders.

DSM-5

Disorders

  1. Tobacco Use Disorder
  2. Tobacco Withdrawal
  3. Other Tobacco-Induced Disorders
  4. Unspecified Tobacco-Related Disorder
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